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bga_563131 - GALLIA - BITURIGES CUBI (Area of Bourges) Bronze au cheval et aux trois annelets

GALLIA - BITURIGES CUBI (Area of Bourges) Bronze au cheval et aux trois annelets VF/XF
150.00 €приблизительно 13483.50 RUB
Количество
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Тип Bronze au cheval et aux trois annelets
Дата: c. 60-50 AC.
Монетный двор / Город: Bourges (18)
Металл: bronze
Диаметр: 18 mm
Ориентация осей монеты: 12 h.
Вес: 3,31 g.
Редкость: R2
Комментарии о состоянии
Bel exemplaire, notamment au revers. Patine gris foncé
Ссылки в каталоге: :

Лицевая сторона


Аверс: легенда: ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Аверс: описание: Tête stylisée à gauche, la chevelure en trois grosses mèches.

Обратная сторона


Реверс: легенда: ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Реверс: Описание: Cheval sexué, à gauche ; au-dessus, A renversé ; au-dessous, trois annelets posés un et deux sur une double ligne d’exergue rainurée.

Комментарий


Le motif constitué de trois annelets se retrouve fréquemment sur les monnaies gauloises, particulièrement chez les Bituriges (cf. LA TOUR II 4143-4196, pl. 24).

Историческая справка


Bituriges CUBES (Area of ​​Bourges)

(Second - first century BC)

Bituriges Cubes were one of the most powerful nations of the Celtic. Their territory extended over a portion of Bourbonnais, Touraine and Berry, the current departments of Cher, Indre and part of the Allier. Their capital was the oppidum Avaricum (Bourges). Loire separated Aedui and Carnutes. They also had neighbors Pictones the Lemovices and Arverni. According to the account of Livy, the king of Bituriges Ambigat reigned throughout the unified Gaul in the sixth century before J. C-. and had sent his two nephews, and Bellovesus Sigovesus, one in Italy and one in the East, found the Gallic Empire a century later, extended over Britain, Central Europe (except Switzerland), northern Italy and the greater part of the Danube. Before the Gallic Wars, Bituriges were customers Éduens and a contingent of Boii was installed on their territory. Their main wealth came from livestock and iron mines that had brought wealth and prosperity. In 52 J. C-. , They supported Vercingetorix. They were defeated at Genabum (Orléans) by Caesar. Vercingetorix pushed to practice the technique of scorched earth. And they destroyed more than twenty oppida but refused the same to their capital, Avaricum (Bourges). Caesar besieged the oppidum, defended by thirty thousand and ten thousand allies Bituriges. The city was taken and burned, only eight hundred soldiers were able to escape, while the garrison and population were massacred. Caesar found abundant reserves which enabled him to spend the winter and prepare for the campaign next spring. However, Bituriges have provided a contingent of twelve thousand men to the relief army of the Gallic coalition during the siege of Alesia. Early 51 before J. C-. Caesar led a new campaign in Bituriges who submitted very quickly. A few weeks later, they intervened to Caesar to fight against Carnutes. Caesar (BG. I, 18, VII, 5, 8, 9, 11-13, 15, 21, 29, 75, 90, VIII, 2, 3, 4, 11). Strabo (G. IV, 2). Livy (HR. V, 34, 35). Pliny (HN. , IV. 109). Ptolemy (G. II, 7). Kruta: 68-70, 145, 186-187, 212-213, 240, 334, 344, 360.

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