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fjt_841229 - BOURGOGNE (ÉTATS DE ...) Claude Vitte, maître ordinaire en la Chambre des comptes 1710

BOURGOGNE (ÉTATS DE ...) Claude Vitte, maître ordinaire en la Chambre des comptes XF
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Тип Claude Vitte, maître ordinaire en la Chambre des comptes
Дата: 1710
Металл: silver
Диаметр: 30,5 mm
Ориентация осей монеты: 6 h.
Вес: 9,86 g.
Век: lisse
Редкость: R1
Ссылки в каталоге: :

Лицевая сторона

Аверс: описание: Armes soutenues par deux griffons, au-dessous 1710.

Обратная сторона

Реверс: легенда: .COMITIA - BURGUNDIÆ..
Реверс: Описание: Armes de Bourgogne sur un manteau d’hermines.


Jeton de Claude Vitte, pour la Chambre des comptes. Claude Vitte était conseiller du roi et maître ordinaire en la chambre des comptes où il entra en 1685. Il résigna en 1712. II portait d'azur, au sautoir d'or cantonné en chef d'un croissant d'argent.

Историческая справка


The Estates of Burgundy have been the subject of several studies: Rossignol in 1851; Preux in the ASFN in 1867 and Fontenay, Manuel de l'amateur de tokens, 1854 from which we borrow many descriptions of tokens as well as the following comments: "The States of Burgundy voted taxes, aid and subsidies. The province regulated its economic administration in general assemblies, and after the sessions, the execution of the votes belonged to Elected Generals taken from all ranks of society and whose conduct was censured at each triennium by special and independent commissioners.. The Elect made the distribution of taxes, and for this they appointed by right all their officers, ordered the public constructions and the repairs of the main roads, regulated the raising and the expenditure of the militias, operated the liquidation of the stages, the adjudication of the grants on the Saône and held in their hands the important management of the floods on the salt that could not be brought to Burgundy without their approval. The inhabitants were not translated outside their jurisdiction. The States had the right to reimburse from their finances any office charged to the country; the king could not create new ones without the consent of the province, much less dispose of the province without its consent. (. . . ) A few words will suffice to give an idea of the organization of the States of Burgundy. They consisted of the three social positions or the three Orders of society, the Clergy, the Nobility and the Third Estate. The first represented wisdom, enlightenment and kindness; the second, strength, glory and greatness; the third, industry, commerce and agriculture. You couldn't find anything fairer and more complete. The numerical inequality of the three Orders disappeared at the time of the vote: at the solemn moment of the decision, there were only three votes; and that of the Third, which would have been insignificant if we had counted by heads, had the power to tip the scales in whichever direction it wished.. The representation of powers was completed by the presence in the States of the envoys of the Duke and later of those of His Majesty. The Chosen of the first had the mission to watch in a very special way over the interests of the ducal crown and to edify it on all that was happening in the administration of finances.. Under the monarchical regime, the king still relied on the Parliament whose president spoke at the opening of the States to support the demands of the crown; he had moreover the intendant and the governor of the province; then the chamber of accounts whose Masters were more accustomed than anyone to the handling of tokens. After a session of one month, the general assembly left to administer the country, for three years, a small assembly or Chamber of Elected Generals composed, like it, of the interested elements, that is to say belonging to the three Orders.. The elected king, two deputies of the chamber of accounts, the treasurer general and the intendant of the province had the right to enter for the crown, like the two secretaries of the States, but without deliberative voice.. The Elect of the Nobility was the only elective; those of the Clergy and of the Tiers arrived alternately in the Chamber. The Church sometimes provided a bishop, sometimes an abbot, sometimes a dean of the province in turn. The representative of the Third Estate was successively a mayor of one of the fourteen towns listed on the Ferris wheel; and by privilege, this Order still had its born president, the mayor of Dijon. The small towns as well as the canons and the priors were not deprived of their share of power, because it was within them that most of the Alcades were recruited.. The Alcades formed a council of censorship which also sought out useful things to offer the country and supervised the operations of the Ferris wheel.. They composed a supreme council to protect the province against the error, negligence, ill will or ambition of its administrators.. In short, the great council was judged by the small.

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