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E-auction 440-352187 - fme_696661 - LOUIS XIV LE GRAND ou LE ROI SOLEIL Pyramide élevée à Rome, refrappe moderne

LOUIS XIV LE GRAND ou LE ROI SOLEIL Pyramide élevée à Rome, refrappe moderne AU
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БЕСПЛАТНО.
Оценить : 60 €
Цена : 35 €
Максимальная предлагаемая цена : 35 €
Конец торгов : 20 September 2021 18:53:00
Участников : 4 Участников
Тип Pyramide élevée à Rome, refrappe moderne
Дата: 1664
Металл: bronze
Диаметр: 40,5 mm
Гравер Mauger Jean
Вес: 34,61 g.
Век: lisse + corne BR
Пуансон: corne BR
Комментарии о состоянии
Patine hétérogène, des frottements dans les champs. Présence de coups et rayures
Ссылки в каталоге: :

Лицевая сторона


Аверс: легенда: LUDOVICUS XIIII . REX CHRISTIANISSIMUS..
Аверс: описание: Buste de Louis XIV à droite, signé I. MAVGER. F.
Аверс: перевод: (Louis XIV, roi très chrétien).

Обратная сторона


Реверс: легенда: OB NEF. SCELUS A CORSIS EDIT. IN ORAT. REG. FR.
Реверс: Описание: La ville de Rome, sous la figure d’une femme assise, tenant un javelot et un bouclier sur lequel on lit : ROMA. A droite la nouvelle pyramide ; à l’exergue : POSITA PYRAMIDE / M DC LXIV.

Комментарий


En août 1662, les gardes de l’ambassadeur du roi de France à Rome eurent une querelle avec les gardes corses du pape. Du côté français, il y eut des blessés et même un mort. Comme la cour de Rome hésitait à présenter ses excuses, l’ambassadeur quitta la ville. Louis XIV, de son côté, ordonna le nonce apostolique de quitter la cour et occupa Avignon et le Comtat Venaissin. une guerre semblait éclater d’un moment à l’autre.
Finalement, une paix fut conclue entre le pape Alexandre VII et le roi de France. Louis XIV restituait le Comtat et le pape en échange offrait comme réparation le renvoi de la garde corse, une déclaration d’excuses du nonce et l’érection d’une pyramide à Rome, en mémoire à ces excuses.
La pyramide fut érigée au commencement de l’année 1664. Le 29 juillet de la même année, le neveu du pape, le cardinal Chigi, fut reçu en audience dans la chambre du roi et présenta les excuses de Rome (médaille 79). Le pape Clément IX, le successeur d’Alexandre VII, désirait la destruction de la pyramide, ce témoignage de l’humiliation papale. Louis XIV finit par donner son consentement et la pyramide fut détruite en 1668.

Историческая справка


LOUIS XIV or LE GRAND KING SUN

(14/05/1643-1/09/1715)

The reign of Louis XIV is the longest and most glorious in the history of France. Son of Louis XIII and Anne of Austria, born September 5, 1638, the third Bourbon king ascended the throne in 1643 and remained there for seventy-three years. He died on 1 September 1715, aged seventy-seven years. Between 1643 and 1661 in the Anne of Austria and the ministry of Cardinal Mazarin regency, absolutism was built in combat: inner struggle against the Fronde, external struggle against Spain. Personal reign of Louis XIV begins in 1661, when the young king decided to "govern by himself". Absolute monarchy reached its peak when the king is surrounded by an outstanding team of ministers Le Tellier, Louvois, Colbert, Seignelay. This prosperous period ends during the 1680s, with the first setback, the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685), the late great outdoor success and the gradual disappearance of the environment of the early years (Colbert died in 1683 Le Tellier in 1685 Seignelay in 1690, Louvois in 1691). The third and last part of the reign, between 1685 and 1715 is more difficult. The aging king did not find any similar employees. Glorious reign it was first a warrior kingdom. France will never experienced so many wars: Thirty Years' War, ended with the Empire in 1648, with Spain only in 1659, War of Devolution (1667-1668), Dutch War (1672-1678), war Spain (1684), War of the League of Augsburg (1688-1697), War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1713). She never enjoyed more victories and conquests: in 1648, the Treaty of Westphalia gave him Alsace, in 1659, the Peace of the Pyrenees Artois and Roussillon, in 1668, by the Peace of Aix-la Chapelle, she won Flanders, in 1678, by the Treaty of Nijmegen, Franche-Comté. In 1681, the king annexed Strasbourg. The following decades were less successful: in 1697 (Treaty of Ryswick), France ceded Luxembourg, in 1713 and 1714 (Treaties of Utrecht and Rastatt), she gave up Acadia, a prelude to the loss of America, fifty years later. The reign of Louis XIV corresponds fairly closely to the age of French dominance in Europe: France overtook Spain and will be soon supplanted by England, who holds the empire of the seas and extended the New World. To the glory of the victorious king and conqueror administrator adds the glory of the king, legislator, patron of arts and letters. Louis XIV and his ministers gave perfection to the monarchical construction: the law is reformed, the nobility submitted provinces subdued heresy reversed, artists and writers are at the service of the royal power. Lex uno una sub sole "one law under one sun" everything must revolve around the sun master. The whole of Europe feels the attraction and prestige of Versailles. The reality is probably less than flattering brilliant program: the royal administration remains too small to actually oversee the largest and most populous kingdom of Europe particularities resist; Protestants depart enrich the enemies of France. It remains that it is the image of the King of glory that has emerged in the memory, such as Louis XIV had decided and desired. Therein lies the real triumph of this prince for France and for Europe for the next century and for centuries to come, to contemporaries as for posterity, he was and remains the ultimate King. Coins and medals, which render us Jovian profile great monarch, will participate in this and this success. Louis XIV brought their attention: the Grand Siècle is also a great century of numismatics.

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