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fme_871620 - SECOND EMPIRE Médaille pour le graveur Jacques-Jean Barre

SECOND EMPIRE Médaille pour le graveur Jacques-Jean Barre AU
120.00 €
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Тип Médaille pour le graveur Jacques-Jean Barre
Дата: n.d.
Металл: copper
Диаметр: 59,5 mm
Ориентация осей монеты: 12 h.
Гравер BARRE Albert Désiré (1818-1878) / BARRE Jean-Auguste (1811-1896)
Вес: 117,54 g.
Век: lisse + main CUIVRE
Пуансон: main indicatrice (1845-1860) et CUIVRE
Комментарии о состоянии
Belle patine marron hétérogène, présentant quelques points d’usure sur les hauts reliefs du portrait. Quelques rayures au revers

Лицевая сторона

Аверс: легенда: ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Аверс: описание: Tête nue de Jacques Jean BARRE en haut relief à droite dans un grènetis.

Обратная сторона

Реверс: легенда: JACQUES JEAN / BARRE / GRAVEUR GÉNÉRAL / DES / MONNAIES / 3 AOUT 1793 / 10 JUIN 1855.
Реверс: Описание: Légende en 7 lignes horizontales.


Intéressante médaille en hommage au graveur Jacques-Jean Barre, réalisée par ses deux fils Auguste Barre et Désiré-Albert Barre.

Jacques-Jean Barre (né le 3 août 1793 à Paris et mort le 10 juin 1855 à Paris) est le 17e graveur général des monnaies à la Monnaie de Paris de 1842 à 1855. Il est le dessinateur et graveur des deux premières séries de timbres-poste de France, les types Cérès et à l'effigie de Napoléon III.

Son fils cadet, Désiré-Albert Barre (Paris 6 mai 1818-29 décembre 1878) lui succède à ce poste de Graveur général des monnaies. C'est à lui que l'on doit notamment la gravure des monnaies et des timbres du Second Empire à l'effigie de Napoléon III à tête laurée. Il est également le père de la médaille de Sainte-Hélène. Il rompt cependant avec Anatole Hulot en 1866.

Son fils ainé, Jean-Auguste Barre, sculpteur remarqué, et portraitiste attitré de la famille impériale, succède à son frère cadet en tant que Graveur général des monnaies en 1878 sous la IIIe République mais n'occupe cette fonction qu'une année..

Историческая справка



Proclaimed Emperor under the name of Napoleon III, Louis Napoleon made his solemn entry into Paris on December 2, 1852.. He married Eugénie Marie de Montijo, a Spanish aristocrat, in January 1853. His reign can be divided into three periods: the authoritarian Empire until 1860; the Liberal Empire from 1860 to 1870 then the Parliamentary Empire in 1870. During the authoritarian Empire, Napoleon III exercised his power without sharing, controlled the press while the newspapers practiced self-censorship to avoid their suppression.. The prefects exercise unlimited power in the departments, the mayors, the civil servants are appointed by the government. As under the First Empire, Education and the University are monitored. Maintaining the main principles of the revolution, the sovereignty of the people is continued thanks to the consultation by plebiscite. On the economic level, the boom is important, industrialization develops as well as credit organizations and department stores. Military prestige is increased by the Crimean War which allows France to play an international role. The attack of Orsini (January 1858) does not prevent France from intervening in Italy to make triumph the principle of nationalities and allows the attachment of Nice and Savoy by the treaty of Turin (March 1860). From 1860, the Empire moved towards more freedoms: free trade treaty with England, appearance of a weak opposition in the Legislative Body, granting of the right to strike (1864), liberalization of the press (1868). On the international level, France acquires New Caledonia, Cochinchina and encourages the digging of the Suez Canal by Ferdinand de Lesseps. In Mexico, however, support for Maximilian and Austria was a failure. The 1869 elections were very bad for the regime and the opposition obtained 45% of the votes. The regime then evolved towards a parliamentary Empire by calling Émile Ollivier, leader of the Orléanist and liberal party, to power. After Sadowa in 1866 when Prussia crushed Austria, the affair of the throne of Spain and the dispatch from Ems led to the war which was declared on July 19, 1870. Accumulating setbacks, the French army was surrounded in Metz then Napoleon III, ill, capitulated at Sedan on September 2. As soon as the news was known, the decline of the Empire was announced by Gambetta, then the Republic was proclaimed on September 4.. Napoleon III was then taken captive to Hesse and then left for Kent where he died in 1873..

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